Management consideration for vegetatively established grasses

1.     Establishment
Plants are established in this way either because they produce little seed and/or germinate poorly from seed or the desired genotype is a clone and it can only be established from vegetative material. The planting of material from vegetative sources is quite expensive per hectare, making this method most suited to small areas of saltland, or where time is not critical so sparsely spaced plants can be established and encouraged to spread over time and fill in the gaps.

2.     Management and grazing
The general recommendation is that saltland pastures should be rotationally grazed rather than set stocked, but if any of the saltland species can tolerate set stocking it will be these vegetatively established grasses. As with grazing management, little is known about the general agronomy (weed control, fertiliser use etc) of these grasses other than for turf situations where cost is usually a minor consideration.

3.     Animal nutrition
Actual levels of pasture production from these vegetative grasses have rarely been measured, and while animals will graze these saltland species, performance levels have not been reported. However, as there are no particular nutritional limitations associated with the vegetatively established grasses, they will not be difficult to integrate into farming systems and may provide valuable green feed over summer when most other pastures will have hayed off. 

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